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Mid-year colloquium and panel discussion

Digital knowledge and educational research

Presenter: Lina Markauskaite

Discussants: Professor Susan Groundwater-Smith, Dr Richard Walker & Professor Peter Freebody (chair)

Time: 4:30-6:30pm, 30 July 2009 (refreshments at 4:30pm for 5:00pm start)

Venue: Room 351, Education Building (A35), The University of Sydney

Digital knowledge and digital research: What could eResearch offer for education and social policy? by Lina Markauskaite

This presentation will discuss conceptual and practical links and tensions between research for education and social policy and technology-enhanced research, called ‘eResearch’. It will argue that significant progress in social research could be made by harnessing the increasing volume, density and complexity of educational and social data and exploiting opportunities for research collaboration.

It will initially introduce key notions of digital knowledge and digital research and provide a brief exploration of three intellectual spaces in which eResearch methods have been created and advanced: eSciences; eSocial Sciences and eHumanities. It will argue that eResearch is not a single method, but rather a broad family of research techniques and approaches. While some of these techniques are digital enhancements of traditional research practices, most promising eResearch applications bring to fore new epistemology and shape research culture. To illustrate eResearch applications and notions, I will provide and discuss some selected examples of data mining, video analysis and research dissemination. At the end I will discuss three broad challenges for eResearch uptake in educational and social policy research: technological-organisational, social-cultural and epistemological. I will argue that as a first step, social research should move away from solely hypothesis-driven research towards data-driven exploration, and from traditional scientific publishing towards new research dissemination models focussed on knowledge co-construction.

Panel discussion: Technology-enhanced educational research: Challenges and opportunities

  • Action research, Professor Susan Groundwater-Smith
  • Design based research, Dr Richard Walker
  • Ethnomethodology and classroom interaction, Professor Peter Freebody

About the presenter
Dr Lina Markauskaite is a Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Education and Social Work at the University of Sydney. She teaches research frontiers and other research method courses for graduate and undergraduate students. One of her major expertises is in the design of educational qualitative and quantitative research studies and advanced (computer-supported) data analysis techniques. She led large-scale national studies on ICT in education in Lithuanian schools and was the national coordinator in the well-known IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) research studies SITES-1 and SITES-2. Some of her published methodological contributions focus on the application of digital technologies for educational research. Lina’s current research also includes studies of epistemic aspects multidisciplinary knowledge work and eResearch uptake.

Session archive

  • Session recording MP3 (NA, sorry).
  • Presentation slides PDF (3.6 MB)

Some references & recommended readings

Data & Digital knowledge

  • Eisner, E. W. (1997). The promise and perils of alternative forms of data representation. Educational Researcher, 26(6), 4-10.
  • Voithofer, R. (2005). Designing new media education research: The materiality of data, representation, and dissemination. Educational Researcher, 34(9), 3-14.

Data mining in education

  • Chun-Mei Zhao, J. L. (2006). Data mining: Going beyond traditional statistics. New Directions for Institutional Research, 2006(131), 7-16.
  • Romero, A. C., & Ventura, S. (2007). Educational data mining: A survey from 1995 to 2005. Expert systems with applications, 33, 135-146.

Video analysis

  • Pea, R., Lindgren, R., & Rosen, J. (2008). Cognitive technologies for establishing, sharing and comparing perspectives on video over computer networks. Social Science Information, 47(3), 353-370.
  • Goldman, R., Pea, R., Barron, B., & Derry, S. J. (2007). Video research in the learning sciences. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Other research methodologies and approaches

  • Markauskaite, L., & Reimann, P. (2008a). Enabling teacher-led research and innovation: A conceptual design of an inquiry framework for ict-enhanced teacher innovation. Paper presented at the World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2008.
  • Markauskaite, L., & Reimann, P. (2008b). Enhancing and scaling-up design-based research: The potential of e-research. Paper presented at the The International Conference of Learning Sciences. ICLS 2008. from http://www.fi.uu.nl/en/icls2008/343/paper343.pdf.

Research collaboration & scholarship

  • Carmichael, P. (2007). Introduction to TLRP special issue: Technological development, capacity building and knowledge construction in education research. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 16(3), 235-247.
  • Smeyers, P., & Depaepe, M. (2007). Educational research: Networks and technologies. The Netherlands: Springer.
  • Greenhow, C., Robelia, B., & Hughes, J. E. (2009). Learning, teaching, and scholarship in a digital age: Web 2.0 and classroom research: What path should we take now? Educational Researcher, 38(4), 246-259.

eResearch General

  • Hine, C. (Ed.). (2006). New infrastructures for knowledge production: Understanding e-science. Hershey: Information Science Publishing.
  • Jankowski, N. W. (Ed.). (2009). E-research: Transformation in scholarly practice. New Yourk, NY: Routledge.

Selected background documents

  • Berman, F., & Brady, H. (2005) Workshop on Cyberinfrastructure for the Social and Behavioral Sciences: Final Report. NSF: SBE & CISE
  • Borgman C.L. et al. (2008). Fostering Learning in the Networked World: The Cyberlearning Opportunity and Challenge. A 21st Century Agenda for the NSF. Report of the NSF Task Force on Cyberlearning, June 24, 2008
  • Atkins, D. E., et al. (2003). Revolutionizing science and engineering through cyberinfrastructure. Report of the national science foundation blue-ribbon advisory panel on cyberinfrastructure. Arlington, VA: Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering, National Science Foundation.
  • DEST. (2006). An australian e-research strategy and implementation framework: Final report of the e-research coordinating committee. Commonwealth of Australia: Australian Government, Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST).
  • NCRIS Committee. (2008). Review of the national collaborative research infrastructure strategy’s roadmap Commonwealth of Australia: DEEWR.


I would really love to get hold of the audio from this presentation. Unfortunately, distance prevents me from attending in person.

I have read several of Dr Markauskaite's papers (in ICT education) and I am very interested in how we can better incorporate new digital data types in our research .

Unfortunately, the equipment didn’t work that night. But if I have a chance to make similar presentation again, I promise to record it and make available. -Lina

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