At negotiations for the Kyoto Protocol Australia secured a couple of great concessions - the most significant being that we were allowed to increase our emissions to 108 per cent of 1990 levels by 2008-2012. But despite maintaining that this target will be reached, Australia never ratified the Protocol. In its most recent projections, the Australian Greenhouse office now says that Australia's greenhouse gas emissions will reach 603 Mt CO2 -e over 2008-12, which is 109% of 1990 levels. One per cent is hardly a blowout, but what follows surely will be. Rather than emissions coming down as a result of Government policy, they will continue to rise, to a projected 127% of 1990 levels by 2020.